Indicators of Learning Disabilities

Reading:
 
  • May have poor reading ability or poor comprehension
  • May often misread information
  • May have problems with syntax or grammar
  • May confuse similar letters or numbers, reverse them or confuse their order
  • May have difficulty reading addresses, small print and/or columns


Writing:
  • May have difficulty writing ideas and/or organizing thoughts on paper
  • May reverse or omit letters, words or phrases when writing
  • May have problems with sentence structure, writing mechanics and organization
  • May frequently spell the same word differently in a single document
  • May read well but not write well (or vice versa)

Math:
  • May have difficulty with arithmetic, math language and math concepts
  • May reverse numbers
  • May have difficulty with time, sequencing and problem solving

Language:
  • May be able to explain things orally, but not in writing
  • May have difficulty telling or understanding jokes or stories
  • May misinterpret language or have poor comprehension of what is said
  • May respond in an inappropriate manner, unrelated to what is said, or only respond partially to what is said

Auditory:
  • May not respond to sounds of spoken language, or may consistently misunderstand what is being said
  • May be bothered by different frequencies of sound (i.e., music, vacuums, loud noises) or may be overly sensitive to sound
  • May have difficulty in differentiating sounds that occur simultaneously

Cognitive:
  • May acquire new skills slowly
  • May have difficulty following directions, especially multiple directions
  • May experience visual spatial confusion (i.e., confuse right and left, up and down, under and over, behind and between)
  • May get lost in large buildings
  • May seem unaware of time or sequence of events

Motor
  • May perform similar tasks differently from day to day
  • May have trouble dialing phone numbers or holding a pen/pencil
  • May have poor coordination, be clumsy, unaware of physical surroundings or have a tendency to hurt his/herself

Memory:
  • May be able to learn information presented in one way, but not in another
  • May find it difficult to memorize information (i.e., phone numbers, days of the week or months of the year)
  • May be unable to repeat what has just been said

Organization:
  • May have difficulty following a schedule or being on time
  • May have trouble learning about time
  • May have difficulty organizing belongings

Social:
  • May have difficulty with social skills
  • May misinterpret non-verbal social cues
  • May experience social isolation
  • May not use appropriate eye contact

Attention:
  • May have a short attention span or be impulsive
  • May have difficulty conforming to routines
  • May be easily distracted
  • May experience stress on extended mental effort