Common Learning Disabilities

There are many different learning disabilities, each affecting specific skills necessary for learning. The following are some of the most common:

  • Dyslexia – A language based disability in which a person has trouble understanding words, sentences or paragraphs.
  • Dysgraphia – A writing disability in which a person finds it difficult to form letters or write within a defined space.
  • Dyscalculia – A mathematical disability in which a person has a difficult time solving arithmetic problems and grasping math concepts.
  • Dyspraxia – A speech disorder that interferes with a person's ability to correctly pronounce sounds, syllables and words. The area of the brain that tells the muscles how to move and what to do to make a particular sound or series of sounds is damaged or not fully developed.
  • Auditory, Memory and Processing Disabilities – a sensory disabilitiy in which a person has difficulty understanding language despite normal hearing and vision.